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Da farko za a gabatar da jirgin fasinjan gida na "C919" daga Honeycomb da sauran kayayyaki masu hadewa don hidimar jirgin sama

Lokaci: 2021-02-22 Hits: 13

A cewar labarai daga baje kolin kayayyakin kasa da kasa na kasar Sin, babban jirgin sama na gida na farko daga saƙar zuma da sauran kayayyakin hada abubuwa don zai sami takardar shaidar cancanta a Shanghai.

Addamar da jirgin C919 ya fara ne a cikin 2008, an kammala taron karshe a ranar 2 ga Nuwamba, 2015, kuma an fara ƙaddamar da jirgin cikin nasara a ranar 5 ga Mayu, 2017. A halin yanzu, akwai jiragen sama C919 guda shida a kan gwajin jirgin na shari’a.

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A cewar kamfanonin zirga-zirgar jiragen sama C919 yayi daidai da mafi yawan nau'ikan jiragen sama masu yaduwa a duniya, Boeing 737 da Airbus A320. Aikin ya tattara umarni 815 daga kwastomomi 28, daga cikinsu kamfanin China Eastern Airlines - farkon mai amfani a duniya.

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A ranar 27 ga Nuwamba, 2020, an gudanar da taron nazarin jirgin C919 game da bincikensa da takaddun amincewa a Nanchang, Lardin Jiangxi. CAAC Shanghai Aircraft Airworthiness Certification Center ta ba da izinin dubawa na farko (TIA) don aikin C919.

Yana nufin cewa daidaitawar jirgin C919 ya kasance cikin tsari, an tabbatar da tsarin jirgin sama, yanayin kowane tsarin jirgin sama ya cika sharuɗɗa kuma ya tabbatar da cewa tabbatar da aminci da tasiri yayin gwajin jirgin amincewa; a lokaci guda, shi ma yana nuna cewa jirgin C919 a hukumance ya shiga matakin gwajin jirgin yarda na CAAC.

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An bayar da rahoton cewa ana bayar da takardar shaidar duba nau'ikan daga shugaban takaddun shaida da rukunin jarabawa, wanda ke ba wakilin jarabawa (gami da wakilan da aka nada) su yi gwaji kafin gwajin jirgi, yankin gwajin gwaji, gudanar da gwajin jirgin sama a kan samfurin jirgin sama da duba duk masu alaka takardu.

Hanyoyi ne masu mahimmanci don jirgin sama na kasuwanci don samun takaddun shaidar airworthiness da kuma irin izinin dubawa don aiwatar da gwajin takaddar jirgin CAAC. Dangane da "Dokokin CAAC kan" takaddun shaida kan samfuran samfuran jirgin sama da sassan su "(sashen CCAR 21), kafin gwajin takardar shaidar CAAC, mai nema zai nuna wa CAAC cewa jirgin sama ya cika ka'idojin tsarin tsarin ka'idojin aiki, ya kammala cikakken bincike da gwaje-gwaje, yana da gudanar da gwajin jirgin da kuma gabatar da rahotanni.

A yayin aikin ci gaba na jirgin fasinjan C919, ka'idar aminci ta farko da ci gaba mai dorewa ita ce babbar. A halin yanzu, dukkan jiragen jirgi guda C919 guda shida an saka su cikin aikin gwajin jirgin. A Yanliang na Shaanxi, Nanchang na Jiangxi, Dongying na Shandong, Xilinhot na Mongolia ta ciki, Turpan na Xinjiang da Dunhuang na Gansu. Flutter / aerodynamic servo elasticity, stall, airspeed calibration, aiki a cikin yanayin zafin jiki mai zafi da yanayin danshi, duka fitowar ruwan jirgi sune manyan batutuwa yayin gwajin jirgin; da aka gudanar da jerin gwaje-gwajen ƙasa, gwajin R & D da gwajin ƙaura, tabbatar da wutar lantarki, tsarin sarrafa jirgin, kayan saukar jirgin sama, avionics da tsarin lantarki; sun kammala dukkan gwaje-gwajen tsayayyun abubuwa ciki har da iyakan gwargwadon nauyin 2.5G, wanda ya aza harsashin aiwatar da gwajin takaddar jirgin.

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A nan gaba, jirgin C919 guda shida da ke karkashin gwajin jirgi zai ci gaba da gudanar da ayyukan gwaje-gwajen jirgin masu tsaurarawa daidai da shirin, cikakke tabbatar da aminci da amincin jirgin C919, wanda zai yi aiki mai kyau don tabbatar da bin ka'idojin bin ka'idoji.

Labarin da ke shigowa yanzu ya nuna cewa a shekarar 2021, za a mika manyan jiragen saman kasar Sin C919 zuwa sabis na kamfanonin jiragen sama bayan sun sami takardar shaidar isar da aiki.

Game da rashi haɗari, ya kamata a ba da C919 ta farko zuwa kamfanin jiragen sama na China Eastern.
Kamfanin China Eastern Airlines, wanda ke da hedkwata a Shanghai, shi ne farkon mai amfani da C919 a duniya. A matsayina na memba na CAAC "kungiyar kasa" kuma babban kamfanin zirga-zirgar jiragen sama a gari daya da COMAC, babban kamfanin kera jiragen sama na kasar China mai suna China Eastern Airlines koyaushe yana tallafawa ci gaban masana'antar sufurin jiragen sama na kasa kuma ya dauke shi a matsayin daya daga cikin mahimman ayyukanta, ya zama abokin ciniki na farko na C919 a cikin duniya, horarwa da samar da ma'aikata na farko don C919, kuma suna tare da jirgin farko na C919. Gabas ta Tsakiya ba ta taɓa kasancewa baya ga haɓakar jiragen sama na cikin gida ba.

A cikin 2010, China Eastern ta sanya hannu kan niyyar sayan jiragen sama 20 C919; a ranar 1 ga Nuwamba, 2016, Sin ta Gabas ta rattaba hannu kan yarjejeniyar tsarin hadin gwiwa tare da COMAC a karo na 11 na Jirgin Sama da Jirgin Sama na Kasa da Kasa, ya zama na farko da ya fara amfani da jirgin C919 a duniya; a ranar 30 ga watan Agusta, 2019, China East ta sanya hannu kan "yarjejeniyar sayar da jirgi da sayan jiragen sama" ARJ21-700 "tare da COMAC a Beijing.

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Sabili da haka, abu ne na al'ada cewa China Eastern Airlines da za'a kawo farkon C919, yayin da China Eastern Airlines na iya ƙyale reshen ta na 123 Airlines yayi aiki.